الحمام المنزلي (كولمبيا ليفيا دوميستكا) كمؤشر حيوي على التلوث البيئي بالزنك و الرصاص و الكادميوم في ولاية الخرطوم

توسل مهدى قاسم

Abstract


هدفت هذه الدراسة الى تأكيد ان الحمام المنزلي يعتبر مؤشراً حيوياً جيداً للتلوث البيئٍ بالعناصر الثقيلة مثل الرصاص والكادميوم وأيضا الزنك كعنصر أساسي. لذا جمعت 90 عينة من الحمام من مناطق ريفية، حضرية و مناطق صناعية من ولاية الخرطوم. ذُبح الحمام وأَخذت عينات من الريش ،السيرم، الكبد والكلى للتعرف على محتواها من العناصر الثلاث بواسطة جهاز الامتصاص الذري بعد معالجتها. بناء على النتائج قسمت الأنسجة المستهدفة والسيرم حسب غناها بالعناصرأعلاه الى: السيرم<الكبد<الكلى<الريش بالتتالي، وكذلك الحال بالنسبة للعناصر الثلاثة: الكادميوم<الرصاص<الزنك. صنفت الدراسة المناطق الصناعية على أنها أكثر المناطق تلوثاً بالعناصر أعلاه، واعتبرت الريش مؤشراً حيوياً على التلوث في منطقة الدراسة.


Keywords


الحمام المنزلي ;كولمبيا ليفيا دوميستكا; كمؤشر حيوي ; التلوث البيئي ;الزنك;الرصاص; الكادميوم ; ولاية الخرطوم

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References


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