Toxicity of The Dried Parts of Pulicaria crispa Herb (Tagar) on Lymnaea cailludi, Anopheline larvae, Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings And Tadpoles

Somia Abdalla Mohammed El Hassan

Abstract


The toxicity evaluation and molluscicidal activity of  the dried parts of  pulicaria  crispa( leaves, flowers and stems)  was tested against Lymnaea cailludi adult snails" the intermediate host of  Fasicioliasis" and  non – target organisms (Anopheline larvae, fingerlings fishes and tadpoles). The plant was collected from Shambat area, air dried under shade and ground to powder, then used in different concentrations. The assessment of the plant activity was based on calculating the doses for 50% and 95% of the animals tested (LD50 and LD95). Dried leaves showed high molluscicidal potency against Lymnaea  cailludi snails and tadpoles, low activity  against Anopheline larvae and without toxic effect  against fingerling fishes, Dried flowers have shown high toxicity against the tadpoles, low toxicity against the snails and Anopheline larvae and no toxicity against fishes. Dried stems have shown low toxicity against the snails, Anopheline larvae and tadpoles with no toxicity against fishes

Keywords


larvae;Dried Parts;Pulicaria crispa Herb;Lymnaea;Anopheline;Oreochromis niloticus Fingerlings ;Tadpoles

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