Medical students’ perception of the educational environment in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan

Hala Abdullahi, Osama H Elshazali, Samir Shaheen

Abstract


BackgroundThe educational environment is an important determinant of the success of a successful education program; a conductive environment leads to a better attainment of learning outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate medical students’ perceptions of their educational environment at the University of Khartoum with a perspective of identifying areas of strengths and weaknesses for improving the educational environment.Materials and methodsThis cross-sectional study targeted medical students at the University of Khartoum during the academic year 2016/2017. The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was administered as a data collection tool. The mean and standard deviation of total DREEM score and five subscales were reported and analysis was performed using the Student t-test and one-way ANOVA. ResultsThe total number of students included in the study was 371 (169 pre-clinical and 202 clinical phase students); 70 (19%) were males and 301 (81%) were females. The total score for the whole study sample is 105±21.58 (mean±SD). There was no statistically significant difference between the total score of the pre-clinical and clinical groups (p=0.10), males and females (p=0.78), different age groups (p=0.51), students from the different primary entry certificates (p=0.68) or between the students living in different accommodations (p=0.08). Pre-clinical students were shown to have significantly higher academic and social self-perceptions than the final year students (55.1% vs 51.7%, p=0.02 and 52.9% vs 49.9%, p=0.01, respectively). The highest overall perception was in the domain of perception of teachers (55.1%) and the lowest for the student’s social self-perception (49.6%). The lowest item score (0.92/4) was obtained for the perceived presence of a support system for stressed students.Conclusions The undergraduate educational environment of the university is more positive than negative. The highest overall perception was in the domain of perception of teachers and the lowest for the student’s social self-perception. There is a perceived lack of appropriate system to support students who get stressed.

Keywords


Medical students perception;educational environment;Faculty of Medicine;University of Khartoum

Full Text:

PDF

References


Roff S, McAleer S, Harden RM, et al. Development and validation of the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM). Med Teach. 1997;19(4):295–9.2. Roff S. The Dundee ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) – a generic instrument for measuring students’ perceptions of undergraduate health professions curricula. Med Teach 2005;27(4):322–5. 3. Khan JS, Tabasum S, Yousafzai UK, Fatima M. DREEM on: Validation of the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure in Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 2011;61(9):885–8. 4. Patil AA, Chaudhari VL. Students’ perception of the educational environment in medical college: a study based on DREEM questionnaire. KoreanJ Med Educ 2016;28(3):281–8. 5. Abraham R, Ramnarayan K, Vinod P, Torke S. Students’ perceptions of learning environment in an Indian medical school. BMC Med Educ2008;8(1):20. Hala Abdullahi,Osama H Elshazali,Samir Shaheen

Edgren G, Haffling A, Jakobsson U, McAleer S, Danielsen N. Comparing the educational environment (as measured by DREEM) at two different stages of curriculum reform. Med Teach 2010;32(6):233–8. 7. Palés J, Gual A, Escanero J, et al. Educational climate perception by pre-clinical and clinical medical students in five Spanish medical schools. Int J Med Educ 2015;6:65–75. 8. Brown T, Williams B, Lynch M. The Australian DREEM: evaluating student perceptions of academic learning environments within eight health science courses. Int J Med Educ 2011;2:94–101. 9. Al-Hazimi A, Zaini R, Al-Hyiani A, et al. Educational environment in traditional and innovative medical schools: a study in four undergraduate medical schools. Educ Health 2004;17(2):192–203. 10. Shehnaz S, Sreedharan J. Students’ perceptions of educational environment in a medical school experiencing curricular transition in United Arab Emirates. Med Teach 2011;33(1):e37-42. 11. Soemantri D, Herrera C, Riquelme A. Measuring the educational environment in health professions studies: A systematic review. Med Teach 2010;32(12):947–52. 12. Whittle S, Whelan B, Murdoch-Eaton D. DREEM and beyond; studies of the educational environment as a means for its enhancement. Educ Health 2007;20(1):7. 13. Genn JM. AMEE Medical Education Guide No. 23 (Part 1): Curriculum, environment, climate, quality and change in medical education–a unifying perspective. Med Teach2001;23(4):337–44. 14. Thomas B, Abraham R, Alexander M, Ramnarayan K. Students’ perceptions regarding educational environment in an Indian dental school. Med Teach 2009;31(5):e185-8. 15. Jawaid M, Raheel S, Ahmed F, Aijaz H. Students’ perception of educational environment at Public Sector Medical University of Pakistan. J Res Med Sci 2013;18(5):417–21. 16. Bhosale U. Medical students perception about the educational environment in western Maharashtra in medical college using DREEM scale. J Clin Diagnostic Res 2015;9(11):JC01–4. 17. Belayachi J, Razine R, Boufars A, et al. Moroccan medical students’ perceptions of their educational environment. J Educ Eval Health Prof 2015;12(47):1–4. 18. Imran M, Shamim MS, Baig M, Farouq M, Gazzaz Z, Al-Mutairi O. Tale of Two cities: comparison of educational environment of two colleges (Jeddh and Rabigh) affiliated with one university. J Pak Med Assoc 2016;66(3):316–9. 19. Hasan T, Gupta P. Assessing the learning environment at Jazan medical school of Saudi Arabia. Med Teach 2013;35(sup1):S90–6. 20. Kohli V, Dhaliwal U. Medical students’ perception of the educational environment in a medical college in India: a cross-sectional study using the Dundee Ready Education Environment questionnaire. J Educ Eval Health Prof 2013;10:5. 21. Denz-penhey H, Campbell Murdoch J. A comparison between findings from the DREEM questionnaire and that from qualitative interviews. Med Teach 2009;31(10):e449-453. 22. Veerapen K, McAleer S. Students’ perception of the learning environment in a distributed medical programme. Med Educ Online 2010;15(1):5168. 23. Park KH, Park JH, Kim S, et al. Students’ perception of the educational environment of medical schools in Korea: findings from a nationwide survey. Korean J Med Educ2015;27(2):117–30.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 1858-5345