Causes and vision enhancement of low vision patients at Makkah Eye Complex, Khartoum

Atif Babiker Mohammad Ali, Lakho Khalil A, Shah Azmat

Abstract


Aim: To know the major causes of eye conditions leading to low vision and effect of the prescribed visual devices for improving visual performance.
Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 1027 patients of different ages recorded in the low vision clinic between March 2005 and January 2007 were included in this study. The data was collected from the low vision records with respect to: age, gender, causes of low vision and the type of low vision devices (LVDs) prescribed. Frequency distribution tables were used to present the data.
Results: The most common leading causes of low vision in the Sudan were Retinitis pigmentosa, Glaucoma, post-operative Cataract complications, Macular disorders, and Diabetic retinopathy. 82.37 % of the patients benefitted from the low vision services. The majority of devices prescribed for distance vision were spectacles and telescopes. For near vision and reading, hand held and stand magnifiers were prescribed.
Conclusion: Any patient with some residual vision must be referred to low vision clinic for the possibility of enhancement of visual potential through LVDs or other means. With appropriate training in their use, counseling, medical and social support; LVDs can make a significant change in the quality of life of affected individuals.
*Corresponding Author: Faculty of Optometry, Al-Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan. Mail: atfbm@yahoo.com

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ISSN: 1858-5345