Acute bacterial meningitis in adults

Osheik Abu’Asha Seidi

Abstract


Meningitis is an ancient disease(1). During the historical Andalusian period (711 - 1492), Avenzoar, a Muslim scholar, described meningitis(2). Acute bacterial meningitis is a serious disease, prevalent worldwide and is
a major health problem in Sub Saharan Africa in the heart of which is the Sudan(3). It kills thousands in epidemics and leaves many with disabling sequalae(4-9). Its early recognition and prompt therapy greatly
improves the prognosis. The main causative agents are Neisseria meningitides, Haemophilus influenza type b and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Another important causative bacteria, though rare, is Listeria moncytogenes.
The use of antibiotic and the recent introduction of steroids coupled with improvements and expansion of vaccination are expected to make major improvement in the future. This review will highlight the major
features of acute bacterial meningitis in adults and its current treatment and future developments.

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ISSN: 1858-5345