Screening of capillary blood sugar in rural population, Gadarif State, Sudan

Siham Ahmed Balla, Haidr Abu Ahmed, Emtinan Khalid Hamid

Abstract


Background: Diabetes is a non-communicable disease of major public health importance.
Objectives: To identify abnormal random blood sugar level, pre-diabetes and any associated factors
among rural population in Gadarif state.
Methods: 596 rural individuals were screened by glucose meter to measure capillary blood sugar (CBS). A
structured questionnaire was used to identify demographic and other charactertics of individuals. A written
consent was taken from each individual. The CBS level upon which the individual was classified as prediabetic
was >=140 mg/dl.
Analysis: Descriptive statistic was presented and CBS was expressed in means and standard deviations.
The mean differences of CBS were tested regarding the population characteristics at 95% confidence level.
Results: Males and females were 53.2% and 46.8% respectively and subjects whose age above 45 years
were 30.2%. Prevalence of diabetes and hypertension was 8.1% and 8.4% respectively; 37.4% of study
population had family history of diabetes. The mean CBS level among study population was 128.84 + 62.5
and the overall prevalence of pre-diabetes was 22.3%. It was significantly higher among men than women,
28.1% and 15.8% respectively. The prevalence of pre-diabetes was significantly high among subjects above
45 years, those with positive family history of diabetes, hypertension and known diabetics (P-value < 0.05).
Conclusion: Pre-diabetes in the rural population of Gadarif State was high and needs intervention with
educational programmes

Keywords


Screening of; capillary blood; sugar ;in rural ;population;Gadarif State;Sudan

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