Development, Ethnicity and Power Relations: Some Dominant Issues in the University Collaboration between Khartoum and Bergen

Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed


The collaboration between the Departments of Anthropology in the University of Khartoum and the University of Bergen has now lasted for over 50 years. Many schools of thought have left their mark on the development of the discipline in Khartoum. A number of issues related to development are of concern to the departments’ staff in Khartoum and their colleagues in Bergen. The major issues that dominate the theoretical and empirical contributions of the department members in Khartoum are development, ethnicity and power relations. When addressing these issues researchers have to invoke the history that shapes the country’s development. Opportunities to progress in development without falling in the ethnicity trap came and passed without the leading elite paying the necessary attention.  Recently, the resurgence of ethnicity coupled with economic inequality and marginalization dominated the scene. Learning from experience and emphasizing issues related to development and peace are the major topics that engage the interested staff in both departments and other relevant institutions in Sudan and Norway


المستخلص: يمتد التعاون بين قسمي الأنثروبولوجيا في جامعة الخرطوم وجامعة بيرجن النرويجية الي أكثر من خمسين عاماً، حيث تركت العديد من المدارس الفكرية بصماتهاعلي مسيرة هذا المجال الأكاديمي في جامعة الخرطوم. وتحظي العديد من المسائل ذات الصلة بالتنمية بإهتمام هيئة التدريس في قسم الأنثروبولوجيا في جامعة الخرطوم ونظرائهم في جامعة بيرجن. وتنحصر جل المساهمات النظرية والعلمية لأعضاء القسم في جامعة الخرطوم في قضايا التنمية الاثنية وعلاقات السلطة. وبتناولهم لهذه المسائل يتحتم علي الباحثين دراسة التاريخ الذي يشكل الاساس الذي تقوم عليه التنمية في البلاد. وقد لاحت الفرص للتقدم تنموياً بدون الوقوع في شرك العرقية ومرت بدون أن تبدي النخبة القائدة الاهتمام الكافي بها. موخراً، أصبح تنامي العرقية مقترناً بعدم المساواة الاقتصادية والتهميش يسيطر علي المشهد. إن التعلم من التجارب المختلفة مع التركيز علي القضايا المتعلقة بالتنمية والسلام من يعد من أهم المسائل التي تشغل اهتمام العاملين في كلا القسمين والمؤسسات الاخري ذات الصلة في السودان والنرويج.


التنمية; الإثنية; التعاون الجامعي-جامعة الخرطوم وجامعة بيرجن; السلام;Development;ethnicity; anthropology; university collaboration; peace

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