Utilization of Non -timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in Sheikan Locality, North Kordofan State, Sudan

Mahasin A. Elabass


The objective of this study was to investigate the utilization of
non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in the semi-arid areas of Sheikan
Locality in North Kordofan State. Data were collected using a social
survey from the households as the main respondents. A multistage
stratified random selection sampling technique was used. Statistical
Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used and summary
information of the socio-economic characteristics obtained in form of
frequencies, percentage distributions and cross-tabulation was generated
to analyze and summarize the data. The results showed that the utilization
of the NTFPs prevailing in the study area varied with the variation in the
types mostly extracted and dealt with by the household members. There
was also variation according to the part of the products used and the main
uses of these products. For the majority of the NTFPs understudy the fruit
was the main part that most of the respondents used, and the main uses of most of the studied NTFPs in these semi-arid areas appeared to be
confined mainly in food, drink, fuel and medicine beside forage, cosmetic
and some home industries as well as other different services provided by
trees and forests such as shade, recreation and site for children play. Of
particular importance is the use of these NTFPs as food during times of
scarcity and famine as Sheikan locality lies in a semi-arid area
experiencing recurrent drought and food shortages.


Non-timber forest products (NTFPs); utilization; household; semi-arid areas; scarcity

Full Text:



, 280–295.

FAO (2012).State of the World’s Forests 2012. FAO, Rome,

http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3010e.pdf. Accessed July 2015.

FAO (2002).Yearbook of Forest Products. FAO Forestry Series No.35, FAO

Statistics Series No. 158, Food and Agriculture Organization of

the United Nations, Rome, p. 243.

FAO/FRA (2000).Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000.Main Report.

FAO Forestry Paper No. 140. FAO.

FAO (1995). Non-wood forest products for rural income and

sustainableforestry. Non-wood forest products no.7.FAO.


FAO (1989). Forestry and food security. FAO forestry paper. No. 90. FAO,


Gamar,A.; Yasir , A.; Bakhit,Omer. A.; Murdi, Hatim G.; Ahmed, Tarig, E.;

Suliman, Abdelatif A.; Yagoub , Adil Y. and Abdalla, Elgailani

A. (2016).Identification of Field crop structure and production

constraint with special consideration of gender aspect of resource

poor farmers in north Kordofan state of Sudan. Journal of

Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 8 (3),19-28.,

March 2016.

Hussain, J. and Sudhersan, C. (2002). In vitro clonal propagation of

multipurpose tree, Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf. Biotechnolog

Department, food resources. Oivission Kuwait. Institute for

Scientific Research Turksh Journal of Botany 27, 167-171.

Kalaba, F.K. (2007). The role of indigenous fruit trees in rural livelihoods: A

case of Mwkera area,Copperbert province. MSc. (science) thesis.

University ofStellembosch 5-6. Zambia.

Kalinda,T. and Bwalya, S. (2013). Utilization of Forest Products and Services

for Livelihoods among Households in Zambia. Research Journal

of Environmental and Earth Sciences 6(2), 102-111.

Langat, D. K.;.Maranga, E. K; Aboud, A. A. and Cheboiwo, J. K.

(2016).Role of Forest Resources to Local Livelihoods: The Case

of East Mau Forest Ecosystem, Kenya. International Journal of

Forestry Research Volume 2016, Article ID 4537354, 1-10


Monges, Y. (2004). Recommendation for fruit tree for Borana

lowlands/Midlands and their product in techniques, Consultancy

Sub-report No3.farm Africa/SOS –Sahel tropical forestry.

Musnad, H. A. (1986). Review of Desertification and Drought in Kordofan:

Causes and Effects In: M.O. El Sammani and H.O. Abdul Nour

(eds.). A Collection of Papers on Desertification, Drought and

Related Issues.IES. U. of K. Khartoum, First edition. Published

for USAID Khartoum – Sudan.

Mutwakil, H.A. (1998). Contribution of Forest Products To the Livelihood

of Farm Households within Sedentary Farming Subsystems

ofShiekan Province- WesternSudan. M.Sc. Thesis. forest trop.

Institute of International Forestry and Forest Products, TharandtDresden Near East Foundation (NEF) (2015). Empowering

Women in Kordofan, Sudan throughNon-timber forest

Entrepreneurship, commercialization and market system


NKS-SC / UNDP (2010). North Kordofan Sector and central Sector

Commission, 2010.Socio-economic and opportunity mapping

Assessment report for North Kordofan State. UNDP

Ogle,B.M. and Grivetti, L.E. (1985). Legacy of the Chameleon: Edible Wild

Plants in the Kingdom of Swaziland, S. Africa.a Cultural,

Ecological, Nutritional Study. Part 1.Introduction, objectives,

methods, culture, landscape and diet. Ecology of Food and

Nutrition.16 (3), 193-208.

Ojea,E.; Loureiro, M.L.; Alló, M.; Barrio, M. (2016). Ecosystem services

and REDD: estimating the benefits of non-carbon services in

worldwideforests. World Dev. 78,246–261.

Raintree, J.B. and Francisco, H.A., (1994). Marketing of multipurpose tree

products in Asia. In: Proceeding of an international workshop

held in Baguio City, Philippines, 6-9 December, 1993. Bangkok,

Winrock International.

saeed, A. (1993). Base Line Survey of Area Development Schemes: Socio

Economic Report. Consultancy Report Produced for Area

Development Schemes (ADS), El Obeid, Sudan.

Salih, SaharSiddeg Mohammed, (2017). Assessment of Vegetation Cover

Change in Sheikan Locality, North Kordofan, Sudan, during 2005

– 2015. Msc. Thesis, Faculty of Forestry, University of


Suleiman, Muhammad Sabiu, Vivian Oliver Wasonga, Judith SyombuaMbau,

Aminu Suleiman and Yazan Ahmed Elhadi, (2017). Non-timber

forest products and their contribution to households income

around Falgore Game Reserve in Kano, Nigeria. Ecological

Processes 6, 23 DOI 10.1186/s13717-017-0090-81.

Suleiman, M. and Edoma, A. (1994). Use and Marketing of Non-Wood

Forest Products (Excluding the Gum Arabic) in the



  • There are currently no refbacks.