Effect of Cutting System and Time of Nitrogen Application on Forage Yield of Barley

Moataz Ali Mohamed, Mohammed A. M. Khair

Abstract


An experiment was conducted at Hudeiba Research Station
Farm during the winter seasons of 2004/05, 2005/06 and 2006/07 to study
the effect of cutting system and time of nitrogen application on forage
yield of barley. The experiment was executed in split plot design with
three replications; the times of nitrogen application were assigned to the
main plots and the cutting systems to the subplots. Four nitrogen
applications: at sowing, 15, 30 and 45 days from sowing (DAS) and four
cutting systems: a single cut of the primary crop (SC) and three double
cuts referred to as DC1, DC2 and DC3 were studied. The primary crops
of the SC were cut at the milk stage, while those of the double cuts were
cut at the age of 30, 45 and 60 DAS for DC1, DC2 and DC3, respectively,
and the secondary cut in each double cut was at the milk stage. Compared
with the SC system, the three DC systems prolonged the growing season
but significantly reduced the dry matter yields even in the cumulative of
both cuts. The DC systems increased the tiller densities, but reduced the
plant densities and the total culm densities of the secondary crops. In
terms of the cumulative yields of the DC systems, DC1outyielded the
other DC systems. The time of nitrogen application did not affect the
forage yield.

Keywords


Barley; forage yield; cutting system; nitrogen; Sudan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adam, H.S. (1996). Agricultural Climate. Al Asala for Press, Publishing

and Media Production. University of Gezira. Wad Medani,

Sudan. (In Arabic).

Elshatnawi, M.K.J.; Ghosheh, H.Z.; Shannag, H.K. and Ereifej, K.I.

(1999). Defoliation time and intensity of barley in the

Mediterranean range land. Journal of Range Management 9,

– 262.

Khair, M.A.M. (1997). Effect of seed rate on plant population and forage

yield of alfalfa on heavy clay soils in Sudan. University of

Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5 (2), 23 – 36.

Khair, M.A.M. (1999). Principles of Forage Crop Production (In

Arabic). Training and Publication Administration. Agricultural

Research Corporation. Wad Medani, Sudan.

Khair, M.A.M.; Krause, R.; Salih, S.A. and Babiker, S.A. (2001). Short

note: Barley, Hordeum vulgare, a potential winter forage in the

Sudan. Sudan Journal of Agricultural Research 3, 85 – 87.

Nayel, B.A. and Khidir, M.O. (1995). Effect of seed rate and fertilization

on fodder and seed yield of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.).

University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3

(1), 24 – 46.

Salih, S.A.; Khair, M.A.M. and Gangi, A.S. (2006). Effect of seed rate

and sowing date on growth and forage yield of barley in

the Gezira (Sudan). University of Khartoum Journal of

Agricultural Sciences 14 (2), 252 - 264.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.