WATER QUALITY STUDY FOR RIVER NILE AND ITS TRIBUTARIES IN KHARTOUM STATE - SUDAN

Michael Magdy Mounir Kamel, Mohammed Ahmed Adam Khadam

Abstract


Over the past few decades, water quality assessment and management became essential to insure the safety of human
lives and the health of ecosystems. This work presents a study on the water quality of the Nile within Khartoum state
in Sudan. Some of the physio-chemical parameters were measured and assessed with dissolved oxygen (DO) and
biological oxygen demand (BOD) being the main important parameters in this study. Water samples were collected
every 14 days over a 3 months period starting from 29th August 2015 up to 9th January 2016. Those samples were
collected from 11 different locations covering the area that extends from Soba Bridge on the Blue Nile and Dabasin on
the White Nile up to Halfaya Bridge on the River Nile. The results were analyzed based on the International Water
Quality Guidelines for Ecosystems (IWQGES). The results indicated an overall good water quality in all locations
except for the waters around Dabasin in the White Nile and the area between Manshiya and Kober in the Blue Nile.
However, these results provide useful and effective information for the various authorities concerned with river water
pollution control and management.

Keywords


Pollution indicators; Dissolved Oxygen; BOD520; Ecosystem; Point source; (IWQGES).

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