Assessing the Organizational Culture of Family Owned Firms in Sudan

Islam Mohamed Mahmoud, Ibrahim Ahmed Onour


This study aims at assessing and exploring the organizational culture in the
Sudanese family firms. The study tries to identify the types of the Sudanese family firms
according to the degrees of family involvement in the business and assesses the orientation
of the Sudanese family firms toward different organizational cultural typologies and then
examining the relationship between the types of the family firms and the different
typologies of the organizational culture. To achieve the study objectives, the organizational
culture assessment instrument (OCAI) derived from the competing values framework is
adopted which identifies four typologies; Clan, Adhocracy, Market, and Hierarchical
culture. Among 130 Sudanese private family firms originally contacted, 103 agreed to
participate in the study. The findings of the study indicate the heterogeneity of the Sudanese
family firms based on the components of involvement, and the different types of the family
firms exhibit different cultural typologies according to the level of family involvement in
the business.


Organizational culture; Family firms; Family involvement; Competing values framework; OCAI; Sudan

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