Determinants of Liquidity Shortage Risk in the Banking Sector in Sudan


  • Mai Mahmoud Abdo University of Khartoum-School of Management Studies


Determinants, Liquidity, shortage, Risk, Banking, Sudan


The aim of this study is to investigate the determinants of the liquidity shortage risk in the banks operating in Sudan, it applies panel logit regression model for the sample of 25 banks during the period from 2012 to 2017. The dependent variable
is the extreme shortage of liquidity which has been identified by using Value at Risk (VaR) technique. The independent variables are bank specific and macroeconomic factors. The bank specific are the banks’ size measured by the total deposits, the
investment variable measured as the total finance extended through the modes of finance, and the profit approximated by the net profit. The macroeconomic factors are the black market exchange rate premium and the budget deficit. The findings of the
analysis show that the bank size and the investment are significantly associated with the liquidity shortage risk but negatively. This implies that the larger the bank, in terms of total deposits, the lower the liquidity shortage it faces, moreover the investment is dominated by short term investments, i.e. deferred sales receivables (murabaha financing). The profit factor is also negative but insignificant, this implies that banks’ profits can be generated via short term investment activities that increase cash holdings
of the banks and reduce liquidity shortage. The black market exchange rate premium is positive but insignificant whereas the budget deficit is positive and significant. The positive sign of the black market exchange rate premium implies that increase in the
exchange premium lead to decrease in the local currency value which induce higher deposit withdrawals by the depositors also banks reduce their holdings of local currency, and this increase liquidity shortage. The positive sign of the budget deficit
factor implies that the government finances its deficit mainly by resorting to debt financing (money creation), this lead to increase in inflation rate which cause depreciation of the value of the local currency, this induce the banks to adjust their
portfolios of local currency holdings as a result the liquidity shortage increases. The stress testing results reveal that as the black market exchange rate premium increases the probability of the liquidity shortage risk rises, therefore the Sudanese banking
system is susceptible to high liquidity shortage risk as the black market rate premium exceeds 50 Sudanese pounds per dollar