Medical students’ perception of the educational environment in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan

Hala Abdullahi, Osama H Elshazali, Samir Shaheen


BackgroundThe educational environment is an important determinant of the success of a successful education program; a conductive environment leads to a better attainment of learning outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate medical students’ perceptions of their educational environment at the University of Khartoum with a perspective of identifying areas of strengths and weaknesses for improving the educational environment.Materials and methodsThis cross-sectional study targeted medical students at the University of Khartoum during the academic year 2016/2017. The Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was administered as a data collection tool. The mean and standard deviation of total DREEM score and five subscales were reported and analysis was performed using the Student t-test and one-way ANOVA. ResultsThe total number of students included in the study was 371 (169 pre-clinical and 202 clinical phase students); 70 (19%) were males and 301 (81%) were females. The total score for the whole study sample is 105±21.58 (mean±SD). There was no statistically significant difference between the total score of the pre-clinical and clinical groups (p=0.10), males and females (p=0.78), different age groups (p=0.51), students from the different primary entry certificates (p=0.68) or between the students living in different accommodations (p=0.08). Pre-clinical students were shown to have significantly higher academic and social self-perceptions than the final year students (55.1% vs 51.7%, p=0.02 and 52.9% vs 49.9%, p=0.01, respectively). The highest overall perception was in the domain of perception of teachers (55.1%) and the lowest for the student’s social self-perception (49.6%). The lowest item score (0.92/4) was obtained for the perceived presence of a support system for stressed students.Conclusions The undergraduate educational environment of the university is more positive than negative. The highest overall perception was in the domain of perception of teachers and the lowest for the student’s social self-perception. There is a perceived lack of appropriate system to support students who get stressed.


Medical students perception;educational environment;Faculty of Medicine;University of Khartoum

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