Vaibilty Evaluation of 5 MW PV Power Plant in Sudan

Mohamed Abuelyamen, Mohanad H. Mohamed

Abstract


This work investigates a sustainable city in Sudan to install 5MW solar PV power plant. Initially, a climatic data such as relative humidity, temperature and horizontal solar radiation over 20 cities in Sudan are collected from NASA webpage, then the behavior of all climatic data is analyzed. Annual daily solar radiation on tilted surface is also calculated over the 20 locations around the country. It is found that the maximum value of tilted average solar radiation is 6.61KWh/day at Dungola, so that it is considered as an optimum location to build the solar PV power plant.  In addition, the available solar PV panels on the market are judged according to the maximum module efficiency and high ratio value of module-capacity to frame-area.  The project life time is considered as 25 years. A RETScreen v.4 software is used to simulate the feasibility analysis of the project based on electric power generated, fanatical analysis and greenhouse gas emissions.   The study shows that technically, the proposed plant can generate up to 8.53GWh of electric energy annually, and environmentally, the annual net GHG reduction is 8,037 tons of CO2. Financially, the cost-effective indicators is calculated and it is found that the IRR and payback period of the plant are 5.0% and 17.8 years, respectively.

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ISSN: 1858-6333