Modeling of Oil Spill in the Sudanese Red Sea Coastal Water

Masoud Gamiel Ahmed, Bashier M. Elhassan, K.E. Bashar

Abstract


This paper presents the development of two-dimensional spilled oil fate model. The model is
used to predict Nile Blend (NB) crude oil behavior and hydrocarbon concentrations on surface
water resulting from oil spills in the Sudanese Red Sea coastal waters. The governing equation
for the model is based on the mass conservation principle and continuity law and considers the
processes of advection, diffusion, evaporation and spreading. Numerical analysis method (finite
difference) was used for the solution of the equations. To verify the predicted results a series of
field experiments has been carried out, and by comparison between measured and calculated oil
concentration, strong correlation was obtained (R2 =0.80).

Keywords


oil spill; modeling; advection; diffusion.

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