A Note on Impact of Vetiver Hedges on Intensity of Wind Erosion in North Atbara, River Nile State, Sudan

Motasim Hyder Abdelwahab, Mukhtar Ahmed Mustafa, Eltayeb Elhag Ali


A field experiment was conducted on a bare land at Aboharaz
village about 36 km north Atbara in the River Nile State to collect data
base in one season (October 2008- February 2009). The intensity of wind
erosion (IWE) was measured monthly in four directions, namely West
(W), North West (NW), North (N) and North East (NE) using vertical
(IWEv) and horizontal soil traps (IWEh). Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides)
hedgs were established in the experimental site, reduced the seasonal
variation of soil erosion by both types of traps and significantly reduced
the IWE by an average of 20.9%.

The River Nile State is dominated by hyper–arid and arid climatic zones.
The mean annual rainfall is less than 100 mm. Winds prevail from the
north with a mean maximum speed of 17.6 km/hr. (Izzeldin and Ahmed,
2004). Under such climatic conditions wind erosion is the predominant
desertification process. Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides) has excellent
characteristics, such as deep, extensive, penetrating root system and
strong adaptability to adverse conditions. Thus, it is a very ideal plant for
soil and water conservation and erosion control. It could form hedges


Intensity of wind erosion; vetiver; sand traps.

Full Text:



Abdelwahab, M.H. 2012. Assessment of wind Erosion in Atbara Region,

River Nile State, Sudan. Ph.D. Thesis, Desertification and Desert

Cultivation Studies Institute, University of Khartoum, Sudan.

Anonymous 2009. Vetiver Grass- A hedge Against Erosion.


Chepil, W.S., and Woodruff, N.P. 1963. The physics of wind erosion and

it's control. Advances in Agronomy 15: 211 – 302.

Elevitch, C. R. 2004. Cultivating Connecting with Trees. Google booksIzzeldin, S.I. , and Ahmed, S.H. 2004. Aproposed Plan of Action for

Research on Desertification in the Sudan: Northern and

Nile States. In M.A.Mustafa, and A.A. Mahdi.(eds).

Proceedings of the National Forum of Scientific Research on

Desertification in the Sudan, 16-18 March, 2004, Al Sharga Hall,

University of Khartoum, Sudan, Published by UNESCO Chair of

Desertification Studies, Sudan, Khartoum University Press,


Leatherman, S.P. 1978. New Aeolian sand traps design. Sedimentology

: 303 – 306

Mahisarakal, J., Snitwonges, P. and Payamanonta, R. 1996. Root

characteristics and root distribution studies of some vetiver

grass (vetiveria zizanioides L., Nash and Vetiveria nemoralis A.

Camus). Vetiver News letter 15: 15.

Mustafa, M.A. 2007. Desertification Processes. University of Khartoum

Press, 230 pp

Shengluan, L., and Jiayon, Z. 1998. Experimental results of using vetiver

grass hedgerows on Chin's red acidic soil. Vetiver

Newsletter 19: 29 – 32.

Wang, L. K., Tay, J. H., and Tay, S. T. 2010. Environmental

Bioengineering. Google books


  • There are currently no refbacks.