Evaluation of Acid-Base Status and some Serum Biochemical Parameters in Male Nubian Goat Kids as Influenced by Dietary Supplementation with Molasses

Nawal M. Elkhair, Osman, A. O. Adam

Abstract


The objective of the study was to evaluate acid-base status and some serum biochemical parameters in male Nubian goat kids as influenced by dietary supplementation with molasses. Twenty clinically healthy male Nubian goat kids (age: 4-6 months; weight 9-11kg) were used. The kids were assigned into 4 groups receiving different levels of molasses: 0% (M-0), 30% (M-30), 40% (M-40) and 45% (M-45) for a period of 5 weeks. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein weekly and were used for the determination of blood pH, some serum electrolytes (Na+, K+ and Cl-), serum total protein and albumin. The values of acid-base parameters: strong ion difference (SID3), the concentration of total non-volatile weak acids (A tot-protein and A tot-albumin) were calculated using the equations:serum-[SID3] = [Na+] + ([K+] - [Cl-], serum-[Atot-protein]=[Protein](g/dl)´3.6 and serum-[Atot-albumin]=[Albumin](g/dl)´7.6, respectively. A significant (P<0.01) increase in feed intake and body weight gain was observed in supplemented kids after 3-4 weeks. Serum- [Na+], [K+], [Cl-] and total protein (TP) increased significantly (P≤0.05) in response to dietary supplementation; however, only TP was affected significantly (P≤0.05) by the duration of dietary supplementation with molasses. The initial mean values of blood pH, serum-[SID3], serum-[A tot-protein] and serum-[A tot-albumin] were 7.3-7.4,45-54 mmol/l, 21-23 mmol/l and 24-27 mmol/l, respectively. Dietary supplementation with molasses had no significant effect on blood pH except for the group supplemented M-45. Serum- [SID3], [A tot-protein] and [A tot-albumin] fluctuated during the experimental period; however, this pattern of response was not statistically significant except for serum-[SID3] in week one. As a conclusion, molasses at a level of 30-40%up to 3 weeks improve growth performance of Nubian goat kids with no significant effect on acid-base and electrolytes status. The duration of dietary supplementation with molasses had a significant impact on acid-base status, electrolytes and serum proteins concentration.


Keywords


Acid-base status; electrolytes concentration; goats; molasses; serum proteins

Full Text:

PDF

References


AOAC, (1990). Association of official analytical chemists: Official methods of analysis. Washington, USA.

Arthington, J. D. and Pate, F. M.(2002). Effect of corn-vs molasses-based supplements on trace mineral status in beef heifers. J. Anim. Sci., 80: 2787–2791.

Assefa, D.; Nurfeta, A. and Banerjee, S. (2013). Effects of molasses level in a concentrate mixture on performances of crossbred heifer calves fed a basal diet of maize Stover. J. Cell Anim. Biol., 7(1): 1–8.

Bachmann, L. (2008). Suitability of the Stewart variables of acid-base status in the analysis of processes in the abomasum and blood of calves on differing diets. http://www.diss.fu-berlin.de.

Broderick, G. A. and Radloff, W. J.(2004). Effect of molasses supplementation on the production of lactating dairy cows fed diets based on Alfalfa and corn Silage. J. Dairy Sci., 87: 2997–3009.

Constable, P. D.; Stämpfli, H.R.; Herve, N.; Berchtold. J. and Francois, S.(2005).Use of quantitative strong ion approach to determine the mechanism for acid-base abnormalities in sick calves with or without diarrhoea. J. Vet.Intern. Med., 19: 581–589.

Elkhair, N. M. and Hartmann, H.(2010).Studies on acid-base status (Stewart's model) of young camels (Camelus dromedarius) after acid-load with NH4CI.Berl.Münch.Tierärztl.Wochenschri.,123(3&4): 153–159.

Elkhair, N. M.(2008). Comparative studies on acid-base status in calves (Germany) and young camels (Sudan) as influenced by experimentally induced metabolic acidosis. http://www.diss.fu-berlin.de.

Elkhair, N. M.; Siegling-Vlitakis, C.; Radtke, E.; Willing, A. and Hartmann, H.(2009). Age-dependent response of acid-base parameters (Henderson-Hessalbalch and Stewart) in calves with experimentally induced metabolic acidosis. Berl.Münch.Tierärztl.Wochenschri., 122 (1&2): 63–69.

Gonzalez, F. H.; Hernandez, F.; Madrid, J.; Martinez-Subiela, S.; Ceron, J. J. and Tecles, F. (2012).Acid–base and electrolyte status during early induced pregnancy toxaemia in goats. Vet. J., 193: 598–599.

Hatungimana, E. and Ndolisha, P.(2015).Effect of urea molasses block supplementation on growth performance of sheep. Int. J. Novel Res. Life Sci., 2(3): 38–43.

Hill, T. M.; Bateman, H. G.; Aldrich, J. M. and Schlotterbeck, R. L.(2008).Effects of feeding different carbohydrate sources and amounts to young calves.J. Dairy Sci., 91(8): 3128–3137.

Lawler-Neville, T. L.;Shellito, S. M.;Maddock, T. D.;Bauer, M. L.;Lardy, G. P.;Gilbery, T. C.andCaton, J. S.(2006). Effects of concentrated separator by-product (desugared molasses) on intake, site of digestion, microbial efficiency, and nitrogen balance in ruminants fed forage-based diets. J. Anim. Sci., 84(8): 2232–2242.

Lesmeister, K. E. and Heinrichs,A. J.(2005). Effects of adding extra molasses to a texturized calf starter on rumen development, growth characteristics and blood parameters in neonatal dairy calves.J. Dairy Sci., 88(1): 411–418.

Moeini, M. M.; Veyskaram, S. and Hozhabri, F.(2014). Effect of molasses distillers condensed soluble on nutrients digestibility, performance and some blood biological parameters in lambs. Ann. Res. Rev. Biol., 4(2): 443–450.

Preston, T. R. and Willis, M. B. (1974). Intensive beef production. https://www.abebooks.co.uk/products/isbn/9780080177885/3333555271

Rehm,M.; Conzen, P. F.; Peter, K. and Finsterer, U.(2004). The Stewart model “Modern” approach to the interpretation of the acid-base metabolism. Anaesthesist,53: 347–357.

Roy, A.; Tiwari, S.P.; Kumari, K.; Gendley, M. K. and Gupta, R.(2009).Sub-chronic toxicity study of urea molasses mineral block in kids. Vet. Res. Commun., 33(2): 183–190.

Schmohl, M.; Siegling-Vlitakis, C.; Grabner, A.; Willing, A.; Radtke, E. and Hartmann, H.(2009).Interpreting the acid-base status in clinical healthy and ill horses with fluid therapy: the diagnostic potential of the Stewart variables.Tierarztl.Prax. G Grosstiere/Nutztiere,37(1): 54–63.

Shellito, S. M.; Ward, M. A.; Lardy, G.P.; Bauer, M. L. and Caton, J. S.(2006). Effects of concentrated separator by-product (desugared molasses) on intake, ruminal fermentation, digestion, and microbial efficiency in beef steers fed grass hay. J. Anim. Sci., 84: 1535–1543.

Siegling-Vlitakis, C.; Kohn, B.; Kellermeier, C.; Schmitz, R. and Hartmann, H.(2007).Qualification of the Stewart variables fort the appreciation of the acid-base status in healthy and differently diseased dogs.Berl.Münch.Tierärztl.Wochenschr., 120: 148–155.

Stewart, P. A. (1983).Modern quantitative acid-base chemistry.Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 61:1444–1461.

Tharwat, M and Al-Sobayil, F.(2014).Cord and jugular blood acid–base and electrolyte status and haematobiochemical profiles in goats with naturally occurring pregnancy toxaemia. Small Rumin. Res., 117: 73–77.

Tyler, T. L. and Cassin, S.(1975).Electrolyte and acid-base status of aqueous humor in perinatal and adult goats. Invest. Ophthalmol.,14(12):950–953.

Vicini, J. L.; Brulla, W. J.; Davis, C. L. and Bryant, M. P.(1987). Quin's oval and other microbiota in the rumens of molasses-fed sheep.Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 53(6):1273–1276.

Yatoo, M. I.; Kanwar, M. S. and Ahmad, M. S.(2016).Impact of area specific urea molasses mineral block on the production performance of Pashmina goats. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci., 4(6): 289–293.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 243456

U. of  K. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Prod.