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Author Guidelines


Manuscripts in general should be organized in the following order:

Title, Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Acknowledgement (if necessary) and, References. Results and Discussion may be combined, each title of section should be centered, too many headings and sub-headings should be avoided.


Manuscripts should be written in English with an Arabic abstract.

Manuscripts should have wide margins and double spacing on one side of standard A4 paper.

An original and two copies of each paper are to be submitted,


The title should be informative but not too long. It should be followed by name(s) of author(s). present address (es) and author(s) and correspondence address including E-mail. Correspondence address to which the proofs should be sent must be given as a foot note.


Abstracts should briefly indicate the experiments conducted, the main results, point out new information, and summarize the main conclusions.

Key words: between 4-7 items


Should clearly state the purpose of the article, essential literature background and a concise statement of the objectives.


Relevant details should be given of the experimental materials, design and the techniques and statistical methods used.


Experimental results should be reported in the past tense, results should be presented in logical sequence and not repeating all data in tables or illustrations or both .Emphasis should be made only on important observations.


The discussion should draw together the results; briefly relate the results to other relevant work.Avoid repeating results under discussion.

It should summarize any implications and applications. Conclusion should be linked with the goals of the study and should be completely supported by the results.


Only recent references should be consulted. All references cited in the text should be presented in the reference list. In the text refer to authors name (without initial), and year of publication. If reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors, the name of the first should be followed by "et al". In the reference list name of the first author and all co-authors should be detailed with initials (in capital), followed by year of publication (in parentheses) ,title of paper, name of journal, volume and first page or the reference, The place or publication and publisher and editor(s) for books and conferences.

Reference setting Examples

One author

Blumer, T.N.( 1963). Relation of marbling to the palatability of beef. Anim Sci.22:771.

Tow Authors

Cassens, R.G.; and Newbold ,R.P.( 1967).

Temperature dependence and PH changes in ox muscle postmortem.J Food Sci.32:13.

Three or more authors

Field, R.A.;Pearson, A.M;Koch D.E.; and Merkel, R.A (1970a)

Thermal behavior or porcine collagen related to postmortem time.

J Food Sci.35:113

Field, R.A.; Pearson, A.M.; Magee ,W.T.;and Merkel, R.A.(1970b) Chemical and Histological Characteristics of the M. longissimus. in young bulls selected for tenderness and leanness..J.Anim. Sci 30:717


A Complete Book

1-Khairallah ,E.A.; Bond, I.S.;and Bird, J.W.C. (1985) Progress in Chinical and Biological Research ,vol. 180. Intracellular Protein Catabolism. Alan R.Liss ,Inc, New York ,N.Y. USA.

A Chapter in a Book

Stracher, A:E.; Mc Gowan ,E.; Sienano Rowski, L.; Molak, V.; and Shafoq, S.A .( 1978) Inhibition of muscle degeneration using protease inhibitors. In "Protein Turnover and Lyosome Function" (Segal,H-Land Doyle, D.I ,eds.) p.605.Acadcmic Press,lnc, New York .NY. USA.

Symposia and Conferences

Locker, R. H. (1976) Meat tenderness and muscle structure. Proc.

N,Zealand meat Ind .Res.Conf..18:1 I


Each table should be typed in a separate sheet and should have a brief and self explanatory title. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses. Numerical results should be displayed as means with their relevant standard errors. Means should be rounded to one -tenth of its standard error(12.5).


Figures including graphs, graphics and photographs (colored or black & white) should have clear legends typed at the bottom of each.

Photographs should carry the legend number and the name of the first author at its reverse side.

The manuscripts should be sent to the secretary of the editorial board


P.O box code: 13314 Khartoum north



E-mail: @u of


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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